• Khairul Amri Universitas Islam Ar-Raniry
  • Cut Dian Fitri Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry
  • Ikhsan Ikhsan Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Sri Rosmiati Sani Universitas Teuku Umar
Keywords: poverty rate, women’s income, panel regression.


This research aims to analyze the effect of women's income on poverty levels. Using panel data from city districts in Riau province during the 2011-2022 period, the analysis model used is panel regression with a fixed effect approach. This research reveals that women's income contributions to the family can significantly reduce poverty levels. The greater the contribution of women's income to total family income, the lower the poverty level. On the other hand, a decrease in women's income contribution results in an increase in poverty levels. These findings have implications that regional government efforts to reduce poverty levels in Riau province can be carried out through policy interventions related to increasing women's income, especially married women. Therefore, increasing women's participation in income-generating programs can be one of the strategic policies that should be considered in efforts to reduce the poverty rate.


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pendapatan perempuan terhadap tingkat kemiskinan. Menggunakan data panel kabupaten kota di provinsi Riau selama periode 2011-2022, model analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi panel pendekatan fixed effect. Penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa sumbangan pendapatan perempuan dalam keluarga secara signifikan dapat menurunkan tingkat kemiskinan. Semakin besar kontribusi pendapatan perempuan terhadap total pendapatan keluarga, semakin rendah tingkat kemiskinan. Sebaliknya, penurunan kontribusi pendapatan perempuan berdampak pada peningkatan tingkat kemiskinan. Temuan ini berimplikasi bahwa upaya pemerintah daerah dalam menurunkan tingkat kemiskinan di provinsi Riau dapat dilakukan melalui intervensi kebijakan yang berhubungan peningkatan pendapatan perempuan, terutama perempuan menikah. Karena itu, peningkatan partisipasi perempuan dalam income generating program dapat menjadi salah satu kebijakan strategis yang seharusnya dipertimbangkan bagi upaya penurunan tingkat kemiskinan.


[1] Alvaredo, F., & Gasparini, L. (2015). Recent Trends in Inequality and Poverty in Developing Countries. Handbook of Income Distribution, 697–805. doi:10.1016/b978-0-444-59428-0.00010-2
[2] Amri, K., Adnan, M., & Fitri, C. D. (2022). Does Poverty Affect Divorce Rates? The Role of Women's Income as Moderating Variable. Cogent Social Siences, 8(01), 1-17.
[3] Awan, A. G., & Sadia, R. F. (2018). Female participation in labor force and its impact on household and national income: Evidence from Pakistan. Global Journal of Management, Social Sciences and Humanities, 4(4), 773-784.
[4] Awumbilla, M. (2006). Gender equality and poverty in Ghana: implications for poverty reduction strategies, GeoJournal, 67, 149-161.
[5] Brady, D. (2006). Structural theory and relative poverty in rich Western democracies, 1969–2000. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 24(2), 153-175.
[6] Clark, C. M. A. (2021). Development Policy and the Poor, Part 2: Preferential Option for the Poor. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 80(4), 1131-1154. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajes.12425
[7] Collett, K., & C. Gale (2009). Training for rural development: Agricultural and enterprise skills for women smallholders. City & Guilds Centre for Skills Development. 24-30 West Smithfield, London, EC1A 9DD.
[8] Fitrianto, A., & Musakkal, N. F. K. (2016). Panel Data Analysis for Sabah Construction Industries: Choosing the Best Model. Procedia Economics and Finance, 35, 241–248. doi:10.1016/s2212-5671(16)00030-7.
[9] Fosu, A. K. (2017). Growth, inequality, and poverty reduction in developing countries: Recent global evidence. Research in Economics, 71(2), 306–336. doi:10.1016/j.rie.2016.05.005
[10] Gnangnon, S. K. (2021). Poverty volatility and poverty in developing countries. Economic Affairs, 41(1), 84–95. doi:10.1111/ecaf.12445
[11] Gu, R., & Nie, F. (2021). Does empowering women benefit poverty reduction? Evidence from a multi-component program in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(4), 1092–1106. doi:10.1016/s2095-3119(20)63436-0
[12] Hilal, R. (2012). Vocational education and training for women and youth in Palestine: Poverty reduction and gender equality under occupation. International Journal of Educational Development, 32(5), 686–695. doi:10.1016/j.ijedudev.2012.02.008.
[13] Huang, B., Lee, T.-H., & Ullah, A. (2019). A combined random effect and fixed effect forecast for panel data models. Journal of Management Science and Engineering. doi:10.1016/j.jmse.2019.03.004.
[14] Kakwani, N., Wang, X., Xu, J., & Yue, X. (2021). Assessing the Social Welfare Effects of Government Transfer Programs: Some International Comparisons. Review of Income and Wealth. doi:10.1111/roiw.12500

[15] Kis-Katos, K., & Sparrow, R. (2015). Poverty, labor markets and trade liberalization in Indonesia. Journal of Development Economics, 117, 94–106. doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.07.005
[16] Lahiri-Dutt, K., & Samanta, G. (2006). Constructing Social Capital: Self-Help Groups and Rural Women's Development in India. Geographical Research, 44(3), 285-295. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2006.00390.x.
[17] Meinzen-Dick, R., Quisumbing, A., Doss, C., & Theis, S. (2017). Women’s land rights as a pathway to poverty reduction: Framework and review of available evidence. Agricultural Systems. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2017.10.009.
[18] Miyamoto, M. (2020). Poverty reduction saves forests sustainably: Lessons for deforestation policies. World Development, 127, 104746. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104746
[19] Mulugeta, G. (2021). The role and determinants of women labor force participation for household poverty reduction in Debre Birhan town, North Shewa zone, Ethiopia. Cogent Economics & Finance, 9(1), 1892927. doi:10.1080/23322039.2021.1892927
[20] Nugroho, A., Amir, H., Maududy, I., & Marlina, I. (2021). Poverty eradication programs in Indonesia: Progress, challenges and reforms. Journal of Policy Modeling. doi:10.1016/j.jpolmod.2021.05.002
[21] Owusu, J., Akandasiam, A. C., & Anyesepari, A. A. (2013). Microfinance schemes and poverty reduction among women in the northern region of Ghana. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 3 (19), 99-108.
[22] Quintana, R. (2021). Thinking within-persons: Using unit fixed-effects models to describe causal mechanisms. Methods in Psychology, 5, 100076. doi:10.1016/j.metip.2021.100076.
[23] Sharaunga, S. (2019). The Effectiveness of Women's Skills Development to Household Poverty Reduction: The Case of Msinga Rural Areas. Poverty & Public Policy, 11(1-2), 73-98. https://doi.org/10.1002/pop4.247
[24] Tsheola, J. (2012). Rural Women's Survivalist Livelihoods and State Interventions in Ga-Ramogale Village, Limpopo Province. African Development Review, 24(3), 221-232. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8268.2012.00319.x
[25] Wei, W., Sarker, T., Żukiewicz-Sobczak, W., Roy, R., Alam, G. M. M., Rabbany, Md. G., Hossain, M. S., et al. (2021). The Influence of Women’s Empowerment on Poverty Reduction in the Rural Areas of Bangladesh: Focus on Health, Education and Living Standard. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(13), 6909. MDPI AG. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390
[26] Wiratama, B. F., Kurniawan, R., Isnaeni, M. A., Sumargo, B., & Gio, P. U. (2023). Measuring the physical infrastructure development as poverty reduction program in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Cities, 141, 104515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2023.104515.
How to Cite
Amri, K., Fitri, C., Ikhsan, I., & Sani, S. (2023, December 13). KONTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN PEREMPUAN DALAM MENURUNKAN TINGKAT KEMISKINAN: BUKTI DATA PANEL DI PROVINSI RIAU. Selodang Mayang: Jurnal Ilmiah Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir, 9(3), 199-205. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.47521/selodangmayang.v9i3.351